The scientific name for yeast that causes vaginitis is Candida. More than 90% of vaginal yeast infections are caused by species known as Candida albicans. Other Candida species make up the rest of the yeast infections. Candida species can be present in healthy women in the vagina without causing any symptoms. In fact, it is estimated that 20% to 50% of women already have Candida in the vagina.
Penile candidiasis most often affects men with diabetes, uncircumcised men or men whose female sexual partners have vaginal candidiasis. Sometimes the rash may not cause any symptoms, but usually the infection causes a red, raw, rash, burning or sometimes painful rash on the head of the penis. Thrush is candidiasis in the mouth. The white and creamy spots typical of lily of the valley cling to the tongue and the sides of the mouth and can be painful. Patches may be scraped with a finger or blunt object and may bleed when scraped. Thrush in healthy children is not unusual, but in adults, it may signal a weakened immune system, possibly caused by cancer, diabetes, or HIV infection.
Unfortunately, treating the male partner, who can herd yeast on his penis in about 10% of cases, does not seem to prevent recurrent infections in the female partner. Preventing yeast infections is obviously more desirable than treating them. Wear loose clothing, cotton undergarments or at least underwear with cotton padding, remove wet clothing after swimming or training, and carefully dry the vulva after bath will help prevent yeast infections.
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Even if you think that your vaginal infection is due to yeast overgrowth, it is wise to talk to your doctor first. The discomfort you feel can be caused by something completely different, and the start of an incorrect treatment for a yeast infection can delay your treatment. If you are pregnant, consult a doctor before starting any treatment. And consult your health care provider if your symptoms do not improve after treatment.
A sample of vaginal discharge can be taken for a laboratory examination under a microscope, or for a yeast culture, a test to see if Candida fungi grow under laboratory conditions. Looking under a microscope also helps to eliminate other causes of congestion such as BV or trichomoniasis, which require different treatment. Antifungal medications are used to treat yeast infections. These medications are available in various over-the-counter OTC preparations in one, three and seven day dosages.
There are several reasons behind this skin problem. Some of the known causes are dry skin, sunburn, eczema, cold and dry weather, frequent washing of hands, use of harsh chemicals, and other…